This Week In Peace History


This Week in History is a collection designed to help us appreciate the fact that we are part of a rich history advocating peace and social justice. While the entries often focus on large and dramatic events there are so many smaller things done everyday to promote peace and justice.

To the real peace advocates - YOU!

Publisher, Carl Bunin • Editor, Al Frank
from detroit, michigan
This week at a glance.


Sept 24

•Draft files destroyed in Milwaukee
•Chicago 8 trial begins
•White rule in Rhodesia to end


Sept 25

•U.S. troops enforce court order
•Civil Rights worker shot with impunity
•Jazz for Peace performed at U.N.


Sept 26
•Triangle Shirtwaist workers strike
•Britain drops test A-bomb
•Puget Sound Women's Peace Camp
•Pres. warns on use of chemical weapons


Sept 27
•A Call To Resist Illegitimate Authority
•Pershing II evicted
•Bush unilaterally disarms


Sept 28

•I.W.W. protest against WWI
•Danes smuggle Jews to safety


Sept 29
•Hunger strike against censorship
•Londoners protest preemptive war


Sept 30

•FBI investigates leak of CIA officer’s identity

The little button with a big message

Over 60,000 distributed!
Order some and make peace more visible.

September 25, 2002

Rick DellaRatta and Jazz For Peace performed at the United Nations Headquarters in New York City. He led a band consisting of Middle Eastern, both Arab and Israeli, European, Asian, and American jazz musicians in concert for an international audience. Jazz for Peace continues to perform concerts to raise money for non-profit organizations.


read more about Jazz for Peace


Rick DellaRatta

September 25, 1957

Nine African-American children, protected by 300 members of the U.S. Army's 101st Airborne Division, with fixed bayonets, entered the previously all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. The troops were there to escort the children past white segregationists and the Arkansas Militia (National Guard) that
Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus had activated to interfere with the federal court-approved racial integration plan.


After a tense standoff, President Dwight D. Eisenhower had federalized the Arkansas National Guard and sent troops to Little Rock to enforce the court order. The order to de-segregate the Little Rock schools flowed from the Supreme Court’s Brown v. Board of Education decision.
The troops remained for the entire school term.

read more

2007 interview with one of the Little Rock Nine

September 25,1961

Herbert Lee, a farmer who worked with civil rights leader Bob Moses to help register black voters, was killed by a state legislator, E. H. Hurst, in Liberty, Mississippi. Hurst claimed self-defense and was acquitted by a coroner's jury the same day as the killing. Lewis Allen, who witnessed the shooting, said otherwise, and was himself murdered two years later. 

September 26, 1909

The International Ladies' Garment Workers Union (ILGWU Local 25) began a strike against the Triangle Shirtwaist Company. Most of the workers were young Jewish and Italian women.
In November their strike would become part of the "Uprising of the 20,000," during which 339 of 352 firms would be struck. Most companies would reach agreements with the union over the following five months. The strike ended after thirteen weeks that saw over 700 striking workers arrested. The women won a 52-hour workweek and most won agreement on improved working conditions, but not Triangle.

read more

September 26, 1957

Despite international protests, the United Kingdom began a new series of atmospheric nuclear bomb tests beginning with Operation Buffalo on aboriginal land at Maralinga in South Australia. The Maralinga site had been inhabited by the Pitjantjatjara and Yankunytjatjara aboriginal peoples, for whom it had a "great spiritual significance." Most were relocated prior to the tests. The series of tests included dropping a bomb from a height of 30,000 feet. This was the first launching of a British atomic weapon from an aircraft.

read more

The Buffalo Nuclear Test, Maralinga

September 26, 1983
Five members of Puget Sound Women's Peace Camp entered Boeing's cruise missile production plant in Seattle, Washington, to leaflet the workers and were arrested.

In November of 1980 and 1981 the Women's Pentagon Actions, where hundreds of women came together to challenge patriarchy and militarism, took place. A movement grew that found ways to use direct action to put pressure on the military establishment and to show positive examples of life-affirming ways to live together. This movement spawned women's peace camps at military bases around the world from Greenham Common, England, to the Puget Sound Peace Camp, as well as camps in Japan and Italy, among others.

September 26, 1988

U.S. President Ronald Reagan, in a speech to the United Nations General Assembly, urged the parties to the 1925 Geneva Protocol and other concerned nations to convene a conference to reverse the rapid deterioration of respect for international norms against chemical weapons use.

Chemical and Biological Weapons Chronology

September 27, 1967

An advertisement headed "A Call To Resist Illegitimate Authority," appeared in the New Republic and the New York Review of Books. It called the Vietnam War “unconstitutional and illegal” and offered support for young men to resist being drafted the fight the war. The statement was signed by over 320 influential people (professors, writers, ministers, and other professionals).
read the ad

September 27, 1990

The last U.S. Pershing II mobile ballistic nuclear missiles in Europe were removed from Germany, fewer than ten years after their installation provoked a massive anti-nuclear movement across the continent.



German Anti Pershing missile demonstration poster, 1983.

The range and accuracy of the Pershing II pushed the Soviet Union to negotiate the Treaty on Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (INF) which completely eliminated all nuclear-armed ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with ranges between 500 and 5,500 kilometers (about 300 to 3400 miles), and their infrastructure. The INF Treaty is the first nuclear arms control agreement to actually reduce nuclear arms, and the signatories destroyed almost 2700 nuclear weapons (including 234 Pershing II) by May of 1991.

more on the Pershing II

September 27, 1991

President George H.W. Bush announced a major unilateral withdrawal of U.S. tactical nuclear weapons:
" I am...directing that the United States eliminate its entire worldwide inventory of ground-launched short-range, that is, theater, nuclear weapons. We will bring home and destroy all of our nuclear artillery shells and short-range ballistic missile warheads. We will, of course, insure that we preserve an effective air-delivered nuclear capability in Europe.
" In turn, I have asked the destroy their entire inventory of ground-launched theater nuclear weapons....
" Recognizing further the major changes in the international military landscape, the United States will withdraw all tactical nuclear weapons from its surface ships, attack submarines, as well as those nuclear weapons associated with our land-based naval aircraft. This means removing all nuclear Tomahawk cruise missiles from U.S. ships and submarines, as well as nuclear bombs aboard aircraft carriers."

September 28, 1917

166 people who were (or had been) active in the I.W.W. (Industrial Workers of the World, whose members were also known as Wobblies) were indicted for protesting World War I. They were accused of trying to "cause insubordination, disloyalty, and refusal of duty in the military and naval forces" in violation of the Espionage Act. One hundred and one defendants were found guilty, and received prison sentences ranging from days to twenty years, with accompanying fines of $10,000-$20,000. This part of a successful U.S. government campaign to cripple the radical union movement.

September 28, 1943

In Denmark, underground anti-Nazi activists began systematic smuggling of Jews to Sweden. In just three weeks, all but 481 of Denmark's 8000 Jews had been moved to safety.

read more

Kim Malthe-Bruun, a 21-year-old

Danish resistance fighter.

Unfortunately one of the ones who did not make it.

Read more about Kim


A Danish Jewish family ready to go

September 29, 1943

Six war objectors imprisoned at Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, began a hunger strike against censorship of mail and reading material by federal prison authorities.

September 29, 2002



A London crowd estimated between 200,000 and 500,000 protested British and U.S. plans for a "preemptive" (that is, without provocation) invasion of Iraq.

September 30, 1962

Hundreds of Ku Klux Klan members, and white students and others, tried to keep a black student, James Meredith, 29, from attending classes at the University of Mississippi in Oxford. They were supported by the governor, Ross Barnett.

In spite of the efforts to block his court-ordered registration, a deal to allow Meredith to register had been made between U.S. Attorney General Robert Kennedy and Gov. Barnett. Meredith was secretly escorted onto campus; deputy U.S. marshals, border patrolmen and federal prison guards were stationed on and around the campus to protect him. Those standing guard were assaulted throughout the night with guns, bricks, Molotov cocktails, and bottles.


James Meredith being escorted to his classes

by U.S.marshals and the military.

Tear gas was used to try and control the crowd. Federal troops arrived, bringing the total to 12,000 (Pres. Kennedy had activated soldiers or national guardsmen totaling 30,000), and the mob finally retreated.

In the end, two were dead, 160 people marshalls were injured (28 shot), 200 others injured and 300 arrested.

On the morning of October 1, 1962, James Meredith registered (on his fourth attempt) at Ole Miss, the first African American to do so. Meredith would go on to graduate in 1964.

Chief U.S. Marshal James P. McShane, left, and Justice Department attorney John Doar, right, escort James Meredith to his first class after registration on Oct. 1, 1962.

September 30, 1970

In Puerto Rico, 1,400 draft cards were burned in an anti-Vietnam war protest.

September 30, 2003

The FBI began a criminal investigation into whether White House officials had illegally leaked the identity of an undercover CIA officer, Valerie Plame, wife of diplomat Joseph C. Wilson, IV. In early 2002 the CIA had sent Wilson to look into the claim that Saddam Hussein had sought to acquire yellow-cake uranium from the African country of Niger. Ambassador Wilson found nothing to support the claim, and some of the documents cited as evidence for the claim were clearly shown to be forgeries.
President Bush, nonetheless, repeated the claim in his January, 2003, State of the Union address as part of his argument for war in Iraq.
Wilson wrote a column in the New York Times in July, 2003, entitled “What I Didn’t Find in Africa.”
read the infamous column

Valerie Plame & Joe Wilson

Robert Novak

Richard Armitage

Karl Rove
Columnist Robert Novak later published Plame’s identity following conversation with Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage. Plame, who previously had worked on counter-proliferation, was in charge of operations for the CIA’s Joint Task Force on Iraq, formed the summer before 9/11.
for a more complete listing for this week or to see another month please visit

JanFebMarchAprilMayJuneJulyAugSeptOctNovDec goes to DC 9.15.2007

Thanks to our peace friends from North Carolina.

watch a slide show

Action links

For the National Health Care we need and deserve.

Against Escalation

Please Support this Newsletter
New Shirt...

stars glow in the dark

Constellation Peace
offered in
short and long sleeve shirts
as well as women's tank tops
most youth and adult sizes
a great gift for all

100% cotton

union printed

Click To Browse And Order The Following Peace Products

StickersBookCoastersKey Ring

These items are also a great way to raise funds

for your group or organization.

Ask about our bulk/fundraising discounts.

Media Center


Right on Radio worth listening to - check them out!

If you are not already on our email list and would like to have this

free calendar delivered to your inbox weekly then please

Sign up for our peace history newsletter

and have it sent to your friends.

And please remember-If you change your email address let us know
so you won't miss a single issue!

This Week In History compiled by from various sources

which are available upon request.

Submissions are always welcome. Please furnish sources.

Reproduction of this calendar for non-profit purposes

is permitted and encouraged. Please credit/link to

If graphics are not visible please set your email to display html images.

It can also be viewed at is a member of the

If you do not wish to receive further mailings from,

respond to this email with UNSUBSCRIBE in the subject line and you will be removed from our mail list.


The little button with a big message